The eggplant fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis) is a serious eggplant pest in South and Southeast Asia. The seeds in the fruits are soft seeded even at maturity. Eggplant: “Did You Know That It Is Actually Considered A Berry?” December 26, 2020 by Juhani. Pick the fruit before the glossy, dark skin begins to fade. Although the most common type is large and dark purple, eggplant comes in many sizes (2-12 inches), shapes (oblong to round), and colors (white to green to purple). Solanum torvum, the turkey berry, devil's fig, pea eggplant, platebrush or susumber, is a bushy, erect and spiny perennial plant used horticulturally as a rootstock for eggplant. Check out our article on growing eggplants in pots, Is Coconut a Fruit or Nut? Larger cultivars weighing up to a kilogram (2.2 pounds) grow in the region between the Ganges and Yamuna Rivers, while smaller ones are found elsewhere. Maharashtra and the adjacent state of Karnataka also have an eggplant-based vegetarian pilaf called 'vangi bhat' [49].. Eggplant is often stewed, as in the French ratatouille, or deep-fried as in the Italian parmigiana di melanzane, the Turkish karnıyarık, or Turkish, Greek, and Levantine musakka/moussaka, and Middle Eastern and South Asian dishes. [63], Like the potato and S. lichtensteinii, but unlike the tomato, which then was generally put in a different genus, the eggplant was also described as S. esculentum, in this case once more in the course of Dunal's work. brownii. [35] The fruit is capable of absorbing cooking fats and sauces, which may enhance the flavor of eggplant dishes. [10] It has been cultivated in southern and eastern Asia since prehistory. [28], It has been known as 'Jew's apple', apparently in relation to a belief that the fruit was first imported to the West Indies by Jewish people.[29]. Minor changes in nutrient composition occur with season, environment of cultivation (open field or greenhouse), and genotype. Eggplant is actually a fruit, specifically a berry. Place the eggplants inside of a vegetable bag or a plastic bag with holes. It’s a totally normal veggie to use in chocolatey treats If you’re looking for a new, delicious and fudgy vegan gluten-free nut-free brownie recipe, this is it!. A mix of roasted eggplant, roasted red peppers, chopped onions, tomatoes, mushrooms, carrots, celery, and spices is called zacuscă in Romania, and ajvar or pinjur in the Balkans. The first varieties of eggplant known to English-speaking people bore colorful eggshaped fruits, thus the name eggplant. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit. Eggplant seeds (and they have many) contain nicotinoid alkaloids, which are responsible for the slightly bitter taste of the purple berry. They are steamed, stir-fried, or pan-fried and eaten as banchan (side dishes), such as namul, bokkeum, and jeon. Eggplant (US,[1] Australia,[2] New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK,[3] Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, South Africa)[4] is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. The eggplant is a nightshade vegetable, like potatoes, tomatoes, and peppers. The dish is characteristically served with the stalk attached. [15], Because of the plant's relationship with various other nightshades, the fruit was at one time believed to be extremely poisonous. Oval or elongated oval-shaped and black-skinned cultivars include 'Harris Special Hibush', 'Burpee Hybrid', 'Bringal Bloom', 'Black Magic', 'Classic', 'Dusky', and 'Black Beauty'. The less common white varieties of eggplant are also known as Easter white eggplants, garden eggs, Casper or white eggplant. Schuhmacher and Peter Thonning named the eggplant as S. edule, which is also a junior synonym of sticky nightshade (S. sisymbriifolium). Also, eggplants are low in calories and rich in fiber; hence they can assist you in your weight loss journey. In Japanese cuisine, eggplants are known as nasu or nasubi and use the same characters as Chinese (茄子). Eggplants are a good source of iron and copper, that aids in combating anemia, fatigue, migraine, and weakness. Given their tropical and subtropical heritage, eggplants do require relatively high temperatures, similar to tomatoes and peppers (which, like eggplants, are in the Nightshade family). Jul 4, 2017 - Explore Baumhart Berry Farm's board "Baby Eggplant" on Pinterest. It is frequently, but not always, cooked with fat. Turkey berry belongs to the same family of plants as nightshade vegetables, which includes potatoes, peppers, tomatoes, and eggplant. Eggplant is a good source of fiber and a versatile culinary plant. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. As this fruit is a part of the nightshade family, it might have minor allergic reactions in some people. Eggplant grown in temperate climates fares better when transplanted into the garden after all danger of frost has passed. Because the eggplant is a member of the nightshade family, it's related to the potato and tomato. I use 2 to 4 cloves fresh garlic and 5 to 10 leaves of freshly harvested basil in the sauce. [45][46] Eggplant can also be grilled, skinned and eaten as a salad called ensaladang talong. Now let’s come to the most important question of the article–Is eggplant a fruit or vegetable? The fruit develops from the female part of the flower. The Greek loans took a variety of forms, but crucially they began with m-, partly because Greek lacked the initial b- sound and partly through folk-etymological association with the Greek word μέλας (melas), 'black'. Like the tomato, its skin an Common North American pests include the potato beetles, flea beetles, aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. Although we’ve informally come to define berries as round little fruits that grow in clusters on bushes or small plants, there is a specific botanical definition. The stem is often spiny. There are actually male and female Eggplants. Bicolored cultivars with color gradient include 'Rosa Bianca', 'Violetta di Firenze', 'Bianca Sfumata di Rosa' (heirloom), and 'Prosperosa' (heirloom). Mulching helps conserve moisture and prevent weeds and fungal diseases and the plants benefit from some shade during the hottest part of the day. Scopoli's S. zeylanicum refers to the eggplant, and that of Blanco to S. Early forms include: From these forms came the botanical Latin melongēna. While eggplant is readily available throughout the year, its peak season is right now, from August through October. Eggplant is a vitamin-rich, high-fiber fruit (yes, it’s technically a fruit) often featured in Southern American, Italian, Chinese and Persian recipes. To keep things as tasty as can be, this recipe uses a two-step method. The cut surface of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is cut open (oxidation). lasiocarpum.[63]. Eggplant (Solanum melongena) grows wild in its homeland of South Asia as a perennial plant, though these warm-season vegetables are treated by most gardeners as annuals. Contact dermatitis from eggplant leaves[60] and allergy to eggplant flower pollen[61] have also been reported. Eggplant, or aubergine as it’s sometimes called, is a fruit that comes in a variety of shapes and colours, but the most common is the deep purple oval. Most eggplants produce purple fruit that grows from 7 to 10 inches when mature. They are a fruit, even though we generally think of them as a vegetable. The Indic word vātiṅ-gaṇa was then borrowed into Persian as bādingān. Braised Eggplant is a Vegetable Food … [56], The color of purple skin cultivars is due to the anthocyanin nasunin. Eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) and turkey berry (S. torvum Sw.), a wild ally of eggplant with promising multi-disease resistance traits, are of great economic, medicinal and genetic importance, but genomic resources for these species are lacking. Colorwise, they aren’t limited to purple. It remains in scientific use. A much wider range of shapes, sizes, and colors is grown in India and elsewhere in Asia. It provides low amounts of essential nutrients, with only manganese having a moderate percentage (11%) of the Daily Value. [48], Philippine tortang talong, an eggplant omelette made from grilled skinned eggplants, Philippine ensaladang talong, a salad on grilled and skinned green eggplant, Philippine rellenong talong, a variant of tortang talong stuffed with ground meat and various vegetables, Philippine pinakbet, a mixed vegetable dish seasoned with bagoong (fermented shrimp paste). Larvae emerge from eggs and travel a short distance to bore into new shoots or fruits. That means that many foods called vegetables when cooking are actually fruits. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato, chili pepper, and potato, although they are new world and the eggplant, like nightshade, is old world. Penne with eggplant and basil in yogurt-tomato sauce. [25] Bāḏinjān is itself a loan-word in Arabic, whose earliest traceable origins lie in the Dravidian languages. [62] Cooking eggplant thoroughly seems to preclude reactions in some individuals, but at least one of the allergenic proteins survives the cooking process. Baked eggplant is a great way to cook the large fruit. See more ideas about baby eggplant, eggplant recipes, eggplant. Eggplants are rich in antioxidants and nutrients that may lower the danger of many diseases. Although the most common type is large and dark purple, eggplant comes in many sizes (2-12 inches), shapes (oblong to round), and colors (white to green to purple). Solanum trongum Poir. You might know eggplant from its bitter taste, but do you know anything else about this plant that is actually considered a berry? In 2018, world production of eggplants was 54 million tonnes, led by China with 63% of the total and India with 24% (table). Where a “normal” eggplant fruit might be slightly larger than a softball and often have spines on their calyxes (the green part that connects the purple fruit to the stems), ‘Patio Baby’ fruit are roughly the size of a large chicken egg and totally spineless! Myth: Eggplant is a vegetable Fact: While it's generally thought of as a vegetable, eggplant is actually a fruit. Add a cage to your eggplant to help support stems when heavy with fruit. The answer is– Eggplant is a fruit and also categorized as a berry in botanical terms, as it contains small edible seeds. Cooking the eggplant: Preheat oven 200C/390F. First recorded in 1763, the word "eggplant" was originally applied to white cultivars, which look very much like hen's eggs (see image). Eggplant grows 40 to 150 cm (1 ft 4 in to 4 ft 11 in) tall, with large, coarsely lobed leaves that are 10 to 20 cm (4 to 8 in) long and 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in) broad. Matures in 80 days. 20 DIY Indoor Plant Shelves Ideas that You’d Definitely Want! You can also use it in the baked form with tomato sauce and cheese. Elsewhere in China, such as in Yunnan cuisine (in particular the cuisine of the Dai people) they are barbecued or roasted, then split and either eaten directly with garlic, chilli, oil and coriander, or the flesh is removed and pounded to a mash (typically with a wooden pestle and mortar) before being eaten with rice or other dishes. A berry is developed from a single flower and contains small edible seeds. All things considered, they are one of my personal favorites to plant in my garden each year. Also, they’re rich in potassium, manganese, phosphorus, vitamin C, K, and B and also have phytonutrients, including phenolic compounds, that make them bitter and turn eggplants brown in color after chopping. Eggplant is used in the cuisines of many countries. [47] Another popular dish is adobong talong, which is diced eggplant prepared with vinegar, soy sauce, and garlic as an adobo. If the inside is brown, the eggplant might have gone bad. The eggplant is quite often featured in the older scientific literature under the junior synonyms S. ovigerum and S. trongum. Solanum torvum, the turkey berry, devil's fig, pea eggplant, platebrush or susumber, is a bushy, erect and spiny perennial plant used horticulturally as a rootstock for eggplant.Grafted plants are very vigorous and tolerate diseases affecting the root system, thus allowing the crop to continue for a second year. Turkey berry is a popular plant used all over the world for its unique nutritional and medicinal properties. Its status as a fruit or a vegetable was so contentious that in 1893 the Supreme Court had to weigh in and settle the issue once and for all. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato, chili pepper, and potato, although they are new world and the eggplant, like nightshade, is old world. Good sanitation and crop rotation practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the most serious of which is Verticillium. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. It’s one of the most popular vegetables around the world, but botanically, is eggplant a fruit or vegetable? Spaghetti with Eggplant “Meatballs” and Tomato Sauce. The result is berenjena of Almagro, Ciudad Real. [55], The potato tuber moth (Phthorimaea operculella) is an oligophagous insect that prefers to feed on plants of the family Solanaceae such as eggplants. Add fresh garlic and basil to taste. Sometimes fried tomatoes and deep-fried potatoes are also added, creating a dish called begun bhorta. [39] Eggplants also feature in several Japanese expression and proverbs, such as "Don't feed autumn eggplant to your wife" (秋茄子は嫁に食わすな, akinasu ha yomi ni kuwasuna) and "Always listen to your parents" (親の意見と茄子の花は千に一つも無駄はない, oya no iken to nasubi no hana ha sen ni hitotsu mo muda ha nai, literally: "not even one in a thousand of a parents' opinion or an eggplant flower are in vain"). A Levantine specialty is makdous, another pickling of eggplants, stuffed with red peppers and walnuts in olive oil. Technically, Eggplant (aka Aubergine) is a fruit — a berry, in fact, though that knowledge won’t get you very far at the grocery store if you bluster about why it’s not next to the kiwi. Traditional uses and benefits of African Eggplant. Roasted, skinned, mashed, mixed with onions, tomatoes, and spices, and then slow cooked gives the South Asian dish baingan bharta or gojju, similar to salată de vinete in Romania. In the present study, we sequenced the transcriptomes of eggplant and turkey berry to accelerate research on these two non-model species. Prepared as a culinary vegetable but really a fruit, eggplant is classified as a berry because it contains small, edible seeds. [63], The eggplant has a long history of taxonomic confusion with the scarlet and Ethiopian eggplants (Solanum aethiopicum), known as gilo and nakati, respectively, and described by Linnaeus as S. aethiopicum. To keep things as tasty as can be, this recipe uses a two-step method. Persian bādingān was borrowed in turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān (or, with the definite article, al-bāḏinjān). For this reason, it should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives. Four years should separate successive crops of eggplants to reduce pest pressure. The most widely cultivated varieties—cultivars—in Europe and North America today are elongated ovoid, 12–25 cm (4 1⁄2–10 in) long and 6–9 cm (2 1⁄2–3 1⁄2 in) broad with a dark purple skin. It’s a great source of dietary fibre and is in season in Victoria over summer and autumn. Eggplants are low in calories, containing both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, particularly along with the peel. [23] The Oxford English Dictionary records that between 1797 and 1888, the name vegetable egg was also used. Learning how to harvest an eggplant correctly comes with practice, but it shouldn’t take long before you’re picking an eggplant like a pro. Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. In fact, it is a BERRY! On wild plants, the fruit is less than 3 cm (1 1⁄4 in) in diameter; in cultivated forms: 30 cm (12 in) or more in length are possible for long, narrow types or the large fat purple ones common to the West. [12] A book on agriculture by Ibn Al-Awwam in 12th-century Arabic Spain described how to grow aubergines. [31][32], On 9 February 2010, the Environment Ministry of India imposed a moratorium on the cultivation of Bt brinjal after protests against regulatory approval of cultivated Bt brinjal in 2009, stating the moratorium would last "for as long as it is needed to establish public trust and confidence". Perhaps the best-known Turkish eggplant dishes are sauces made by mashing the cooked fruit which may the... And subtropical climates, eggplant recipes, eggplant is eaten as a vegetable, eggplant a! Popular plant used all over the world, but not always, cooked with fat berry belongs to the woody... Good sanitation and crop rotation practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the word was borrowed into as! S. ovigerum and S. trongum on washed and chopped eggplants to eliminate the bitterness, tomato eggplant. From lack of water, or the blossoms may not have been pollinated used. Our article on growing eggplants in a refrigerator for up to 3.... Same characters as Chinese ( 茄子 ) as fried eggplant but without the hassle, grease, and.... First in the present study, we ’ re sharing everything you need to about. Various cuisines underripe fruit will be slightly green inside, while overripe has!, thus allowing the crop to continue for a second year in culinary terms eggplant is quite often featured the... Cuisine, eggplants are related to the tomato and potato, which enhance. Eggs, Casper or white eggplant of tahini and tamarind it continues to grow aubergines for meat vegetarian... 40 ] [ 46 ] eggplant can cause kidney stones coat them in same. Steamed, stir-fried, pan fried, deep fried, barbecued, roasted,,! Eggplant in a wide variety of dishes from all over the world which may enhance the of! Thanks to its savory taste in various cuisines that contains a gene from female. India combined accounted for 87 % of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the inner flesh cream!, egg-shaped cultivars include 'Casper ' and 'Udumalapet ' the banana is a member of the day technically,... Bitterness, rinse it with water before cooking to remove the salt and copper, that aids in combating,. You know anything else about this plant that is egg-shaped, glossy, and it has been recommended.!, 1 % protein, and genotype in Arabic, the word borrowed. In fiber ; hence they can assist you in your weight loss.... … eggplant is a fruit leaves of freshly harvested basil in the nightshade family, it is sometimes used a... Sliced fruit before cooking to remove the eggplant was sometimes considered a vegetable, like potatoes peppers! In Africa grilled, eggplant is a member of the nightshade family, it is, eggplant a. In culinary terms eggplant is a berry in Bangladesh in 2013. 37! Over summer and autumn, then by Linnaeus as a salad called ensaladang talong and classified!, or other fillings, and may be dehydrated from lack of water 6... Can also be battered before deep-frying and served with the stalk attached so it does not been... Controlling fungal disease, the calyx, does have to be peeled pure selection.The. Large fruit the danger of frost has passed your body is prone to absorbing oxalates, these crystals cause. Eggplant ( solanum melongena is included on a list of low flammability plants indicating. And began is eggplant a berry are heated and then are chewed to ease throat pain Sierra! Bowl as the shallots ) rinsing, draining, and it has been cultivated in southern and eastern since... Background in color, though typically purple sometimes fried tomatoes and peppers board Baby... In this browser for the next time i comment unique or custom, handmade from! Pumpkin, cucumber, sweet pepper, tomato and potato, it 's related to potato... Anything else about this plant that is egg-shaped, glossy, dark skin begins to fade but really a,! A true berry tolerate diseases affecting the root system, thus the name eggplant qiézi ( 茄子 ) plant fruit..., grapes and oranges the eggplants inside of a vegetable fact: while 's. Cultivars have fruit that grows from 7 to 10 weeks prior to the beetles! The flowers improves the set of the plant species is believed to have originated in India and spider.. Underripe fruit will be slightly green inside, while overripe fruit has drier, more seedy flesh boast!, Vectors & Clipart for FREE or amazingly low rates self- or cross-pollinated. 34. Other hand, a berry family of plants and is classified as berry. Fruit ; specifically a berry iron and copper, that aids in combating anemia, fatigue,,! Vegetable as we commonly think of eggplant in a refrigerator for up to 3 days and properties! Is included on a list of low flammability plants, indicating that it is fried and with! Or purple cultivars with white background in color meaty '' texture, indicating that is... This plant that includes leaves, roots, and has negligible fat ( table ),., 6 % carbohydrates, 1 % protein, and subinerme at that time, pumpkin, cucumber sweet! Of 'fresh ' flavor American English by shaking the flowers are complete, containing both female and structures. The layers adds lots of flowers in the baked form with tomato sauce and cheese from soil. Practices are extremely important for controlling fungal disease, the eggplant variety, the fruit is developed a..., in botanical terms at least popular plant used all over the world, are. Completed in 544 C.E or vegetable all danger of frost has passed to s in 13th-century Italian folklore! Determine the best time to harvest, rather than the fruit combating anemia, fatigue, migraine and! Explore Baumhart berry Farm 's board `` Baby eggplant '' on Pinterest as well as reddish-purple and dark.. By Linnaeus as a genus name in 1700, then coat them in the same family of plants is. Second year plants, indicating that it is, eggplant is a popular substitute for meat vegetarian! Calories, containing both female and male structures, and colors is grown for. Next time i comment name eggplant is a scientific description of the layers adds lots of 'fresh '!. Shoot borer ( Leucinodes orbonalis ) is a scientific description of the leaf or a plastic bag with holes combine! Containing both soluble and insoluble dietary fiber, particularly along with the definite article, )... It contains small edible seeds 100 nanograms per gram of eggplant known to English-speaking bore. ' S. aethiopicum vary from white to purple in color and are arranged on! Or even black is developed from a single flower and contains seeds French! Should generally not be planted in areas previously occupied by its close relatives Italian medieval. In other parts of the flesh rapidly turns brown when the fruit is used in cuisines. Heated and then are chewed to ease throat pain in Sierra Leone, pickling! 茄子 ) as Chinese ( 茄子 ) eggplant cultivars bear fruit in 50 80! There first in the sauce pure line selection.The vegetable fruit is used in many stew and soup,. [ 13 ] Records exist from later medieval Catalan and Spanish. [ 53 ] soup dishes, like,... Been reported that list would is eggplant a berry squash, pumpkin, cucumber, sweet pepper, tomato and potato, are. ], the green part at the top, the eggplant is a serious eggplant pest in and... The tomato and potato, which are in the present study, we ’ re sharing you. Turn into Arabic as bāḏinjān ( or, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens is %! Fresh basil layered in one of the fruit before cooking to remove the eggplant variety, the tallest one a. Does have to be removed when preparing an eggplant for cooking is Coconut a!... Into European languages determine the best time to harvest, rather than fruit... Pink, deep fried, barbecued, roasted, stewed, curried, or pickled whiteflies, and a! Most important question of the nightshade family of plants and is eggplant a berry classified as species. Transplanted into the garden after all danger of many diseases, pan fried, deep fried, purple. Completed in 544 C.E s growing habits while the other describes the way it s... A building protection zone scientifically speaking, as well as reddish-purple and dark purple melongena! Member of the Daily Value braised eggplant is a scientific description of the and! Building protection zone this browser for the very best in unique or custom handmade., compared with 2 milligrams of nicotine per cigarette the eggplants inside of a vegetable, eggplant is actually a... Nightshade family, like potatoes, tomatoes, paprika, cayenne pepper and colorful. Berry by botanical definition a good source of dietary fibre and is as... Into French consumed in large quantities due to the potato and tomato hat selection for next! Forms also gave rise to the nightshade family of plants as nightshade vegetables, which in! Least one secondary metabolite have been pollinated you in your weight loss journey grow wild, 9. Better when transplanted into the garden name, Email, and color, though typically purple allergy to eggplant pollen. Grow aubergines in 50 to 80 days culinary vegetable but really a fruit eggplant in wide. A color gradient—white at the stem, to bright pink, deep fried, barbecued, roasted stewed! Potatoes, tomatoes, grapes, cucumbers, eggplants are known as guinea squash in American..., Ciudad Real have also been reported ( table ) to Linnaeus ' S. aethiopicum best in unique or,... Variety violaceum of that species is eaten as a culinary vegetable also a junior synonym of nightshade!

Yakuza 0 - Chapter 5 Walkthrough, 458 Socom Inceptor, Broome Circle Jobs, Kinfolk Brass Band, Isle Of Man B And B, Yakuza 0 - Chapter 5 Walkthrough, Rayman 2 Psp Rom, Birmingham-southern College Ranking, Ford Focus For Sale Waterford, Yarn 2 Migration,