The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Legislation Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. This is one of the species that bloom at night, hence the name. There is an Ipomoea species found in every state except for Idaho and Alaska (but those two states have members of the Convolvulaceae family present - the very similar genera Calystegia and Convolvulus.) Plant Name. Distribution and Planting Zones. Disturbed wetland and lake edges, mangrove fringes. brasiliensis) is a member of the Morning glory family (Convolvulaceae), which comprises some 1,650 species throughout the world.Pōhuehue is related to some local notable eatables as ʻuala or sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) and ung-choi or swamp cabbage (Ipomoea aquatica). Moonflower (Ipomoea Alba) - Grown from Moonflower seeds, this unusual relative of the morning glory opens its flowers at dusk and blooms throughout the night. Habit: Vines Shrub or Subshrub. It is noted for its fragrant nocturnal white blooms (moonflowers) and its deep green foliage. The moonflower’s glorious blooms unfurl beneath the light of the moon from which it gets its name, and as the sun rises, the long white petals curl up and the bud closes, hiding its beautiful blossoms until the night comes again. south-eastern USA and Mexcio), Central America (i.e. The aromatic blossoms come in the form of alabaster-white, fluted funnels. across (8-15 cm), close by rolling up. Noxious weed. "Rubber processed in ancient Mesoamerica, MIT researchers find", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ipomoea_alba&oldid=983034762, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 21:13. The moonflower vines will climb until it frosts. Moon Flower, Ipomoea alba is evergreen creeping perennial with rounded, three-lobed leaves. & trop. Availability: Grown by a few native plant nurseries in central and northern Florida. It is not nearly as vigorous and makes a beautiful ornamental climber. Ipomoea alba. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The genus Ipomoea means worm-resembling, in reference to the twinning stems. This plant is very similar to morning-glory plants in appearance but their blooming habits are different. Ipomoea alba. Ipomoea species which have become naturalised in the landscape; cairica, indica, alba and aquatica. It is a perennial, herbaceous liana growing to a height of 5–30 m tall with twining stems. Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is regarded as an environmental weed in New South Wales and Queensland. Suitable to grow in: 10A 10B 11 8A 8B 9A 9B . The Ipomoea alba is part of the family Convolvulaceae (convulvulus) which includes morning glory and the less welcome bindweed, one of the more difficult to eradicate weeds of the temperate garden. Native alternatives to winged yam for use in home landscaping or natural areas include moonflower (Ipomoea alba), purple passionflower (Passiflora incarnata), yellow passionflower (Passiflora lutea) and corkystem passionflower (Passiflora suberosa). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an organic extract obtained from Ipomoea alba L. (Convolvulaceae or OE 1493), on experimental periodontal disease in rats. Plant this fast-growing vine on a porch, near an entrance, or under a window where you can enjoy the evening performance and heady fragrance. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. The sweet potato is an important food crop. Ipomoea, genus of about 500 species of trees, shrubs, and twining and trailing herbaceous plants of the family Convolvulaceae, mostly native to warm climates. Natural Range in Florida. The moonflower is tolerant of a wide variety of soil types and acidity levels, but it does best soil is nutrient-rich loam. (Convolvulaceae) – Bell vine). Low/no tolerance of salty wind or direct salt spray. On overcast days, the blossoms may remain open for longer. General Comments: Not salt tolerant of inundation by salty or brackish water. They usually grow about 15 feet long. In some areas, it is an invasive species which can cause problems in agricultural settings. Moonflower, Ipomoea alba, opens its large, white blossoms in the evening hoping to attract a few moths looking to do a little nectaring, then fades away as the sun comes up. This species is not to be confused with that cursed weed, Ipomoea indica. The vine is capable of climbing a string, a chain link fence or sprawling over nearby shrubs. glabrous), but the aerial climbing … Moonflowers are related to the morning glory and produce spectacular white flowers that open in … Ipomoea Aquatica, or water spinach, is a variety commonly used as a green vegetable in Asian cuisines. The flowers also tend to remain open longer during cool temperatures - which may also cause the segments to snag or tear as they open. Taxon name on voucher: Ipomoea alba Fiji Fiji Islands Ngau Island uncertain if native Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. Native to North America (i.e. Subsequently, the species was reported from India with a Malayalam name in the 1660s. French Guiana, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia and Argentina). Native to the Americas, moon-flower ( Ipomoea alba) was first recorded by Europeans with its Taino common name in the 1520s. Climate. Place the seed in a container and pour in … Extremely vigorous, may overtop other plants. Comments. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. USDA Zones. And despite its up-all-night habits, it is a member of the morning glory family. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Asia, Mexico, So. General Information Pōhuehue (Ipomoea pes-caprae subsp. Native alternative(s) for Ipomoea purpurea: Ipomoea pandurata. Nick and soak seed for best germination. Moonflower is a fast-growing, old-fashioned annual vine that seems to have been forgotten by gardeners as they explore the new offerings of the garden industry. Latin: Ipomoea alba Moonflower is a night blooming vine with enormous white blossoms that close by early morning. Austin, Daniel F. (1997) Nomenclator Ipomoeeae Moonflower seeds can be sown directly outdoors in spring of fall in mild climates. Plant Name. A pantropical weedy species, not certainly known as a native anywhere. 1 all species except Ipomoea carnea, Mexican bush morning glory, I. triloba, three-lobed morning glory, and I. arborescens, morning glory tree. A North American native, the moonflower was founded in Jamestown, Virginia, and its botanical name is ipomoea alba. The moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is a perennial plant that sometimes grows as a vine. The moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is a perennial, twining vine that is native to the American tropics. Nomenclature: Ipomoea is from the Greek ips meaning ‘a worm’ and homoios meaning ‘resembling’ thus meaning 'like a worm,' referring to the twining habit of the plant's growth. General Comments: Ipomoea alba: Most comfortable in a tropical or subtropical climate, Ipomoea alba is a wild growing vine that can grow from 15 feet to 90 feet in length (or height if the vine has a tree or structure nearby on which it can climb). The moonflower produces its 5- to 6-inch-wide blossoms all summer long. Hence its name. ANSWER: Indeed, the Ipomoea alba (tropical white morning-glory) is a native of North America. It does perfectly well in poor, dry soil, and prefe… (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. 58-59) Vouchers cited: Seemann 332, DA 14413 Fiji Fiji Islands Viti Levu Island uncertain if native Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Roots) Food (Fruit & Vegetable) ipomoea batatas. It is currently mainly found in and near heavily populated areas, but it has the potential to become a serious weed of rainforest gaps and margins, wet sclerophyll forests and riparian areas throughout the coastal districts of Queensland and northern New South Wales. QUESTION: Is the plant called moon flower a native plant to North America? Often drapes over other vegetation forming large mats. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. USDA zones are based on minimum winter temperatures. In Mexico, treatment of paralysis as well as swollen tissue treatment is done by the decoction of the leaves of Ipomoea alba (Lim, 2014). Native Habitats: Dry disturbed sites. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Taxonomic Rank: Magnoliopsida: Solanales: Convolvulaceae. Like most moth-pollinated flowers, the moon flower is white, which attracts moths. The Mesoamerican civilizations used the Ipomoea alba morning glory to convert the latex from the Castilla elastica tree to produce bouncing rubber balls. ; EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by … Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also listed among the "exotic vines and scramblers" whose invasion of native vegetation is regarded as a "key threatening process" in New South Wales. The name moonflower derives from their blooming in the evening and their being round in shape like a full moon. Though it can be successfully flowered in the north, its flowering is impaired by excessively long summer days. Ipomoea alba L (moon vine) native to tropical America member of family Convolvulaceae is a night blooming morning glory. Ipomoea alba in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Ipomoea alba, sometimes called the tropical white morning-glory or moonflower or moon vine, is a species of night-blooming morning glory, native to tropical and subtropical regions of North and South America, from Argentina to northern Mexico, Florida and Puerto Rico. Grow in full sun for the best blooms. Introduced into cultivation in the late 1800's, Ipomoea alba is native to tropical and subtropical regions of America, from northern Argentina to Mexico and Florida. & trop. Seeds are available through the Florida Wildflowers Growers Cooperative. Considered to be invasive in subtropical and tropical areas outside of its natural range. Propagation is usually by seed. U.S. Weed Information. Moonflower, Ipomoea alba, opens its large, white blossoms in the evening hoping to attract a few moths looking to do a little nectaring, then fades away as the sun comes up. Can be agrown as an anuual north of its native range. General Landscape Uses: Primarily recommended for natural landscapes and habitat restorations. Moonflower Ipomoea Alba is a tender tropical perennial native to tropical America. Fragrant. Native Range: Temp. ( GRIN ); EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level … Common Name(s): Common Morning Glory; Moon-Flower ( Ipomoea alba, Convolvulaceae) - Medicine, Rubber Enabler, and Ornamental: A Review. Global Range: Native of tropical America; common throughout central FL and in many other tropical and subtropical areas; now widely cultivated. Non-native, non-invasive plants in Table 1 were determined to be non-invasive (with assessments of “not a problem species” or “may be used with caution”) by the IFAS Assessment of Non-Native Plants in Florida's Natural Areas ... Ipomoea alba, Moonflower . [2] Though formerly classified as genus Calonyction, species aculeatum, it is now properly assigned to genus Ipomoea, subgenus Quamoclit, section Calonyction.[3]. Stems have a milky sap and are more or less prickly. Austin, Daniel F. … Bahamas, Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Haiti) and South America (i.e. Amer. Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama), the Caribbean (i.e. Ipomoea alba - Moon Flower Convolvulaceae Ipomoea alba or Moon Flower is a robust perennial vine native to Tropical America. Hence its name. Considered to be invasive in subtropical and tropical areas outside of its natural range. Recommended only for use where it can be controlled such as on a trellis or in areas where expansive growth is appropriate. (Flora of Hawaii, 1990) consider probably native … Can be planted further north but should be treated as an annual. USDA Zones. The flowers are fragrant, white or pink, and large, 8–14 cm diameter. Ipomoea species which are readily available to purchase; purpurea and nil. The specific epithet alba means white, in reference to the white flowers. At dusk, the large, flat flowers, 3-6 in. Perennial from tuberous roots. Ipomoea seeds germinate readily, however they do have a hard outer coating which is impervious to water and generally germination will normally not occur unless the seed is scarified by abrading or pre-treated with boiling water first. Ipomoea purpurea. Ipomoea alba in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. The species Ipomoea alba is a native of tropical and sub-tropical parts of South and Central America as well as Florida. Cultural/Physical. Ipomoea alba. The plant is native to tropical and subtropical regions but can be grown in any climate as a perennial. The moon flower is a close relative of the morning glory, which opens in the morning so it can be pollinated by bees and other insects that are active during the day. Duration: Annual Growth Habit: Vine, Herb/Forb Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. Scientific Name: Ipomoea alba Synonym: Calonyction aculeatum Common Names: Moonflower, Tropical White Morning-glory, Moon Flower, Moon Vine Plant Characteristics. Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. Play Value: Moonflower is a self-seeder, so if you don't want it to return next year, pick off the spent flowers so that they don't form seed pods. Asia, Mexico, So. The species is widely cultivated as an ornamental plant for its flowers. 58-59) Voucher cited: Smith 7847 Fiji Fiji Islands Taveuni Island uncertain if native Smith, Albert C. (1991) (pp. The sulfur in this morning glory served to cross-link the rubber, a process predating Charles Goodyear's discovery of vulcanization by at least 3,000 years.[4]. (Ipomoea alba) Moon flowers open in the evening so they can be pollinated by night-flying moths. Invasive in Australia, New Zealand, China, Taiwan, and tropical islands throughout the world (PIER). Moonflower (Ipomoea alba) is also known as tropical white morning-glory or moon vine. 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