An armed bank robber is an example of a threat. It has previously been observed that “new Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) may represent appropriate tools to support environmental research and its transmission to policy-makers and the general public” (Chiabai et al., 2013, p.89). One such technology transfer is through a clearinghouse for technology information called TT:clear. If environmental conditions are monitored at the same time as those concerning human systems, there is better opportunity for feedback between them. Do you have a 2:1 degree or higher? This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. This shows that ICTs could be of assistance in this respect by, among other things, enhancing the communications between the different stakeholders in the collection of the environmental information. Therefore, in order to promote sustainability, it has become increasingly important to be able to measure how vulnerable each aspect is to damage and to identify ways of building resilience. In 2012, a report by the World Bank highlighted the roles that ICTs play in preventing the impacts of emergencies induced by climate change in the developing countries of Africa (World Bank, 2012). This has led to an improved energy efficiency level and has reduced the expansion rate of the coal-powered electricity plants. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Path traversal 12. The markers are equally applicable in developing countries down to the community level. Refer to the ICT Security Policy for details. Perform security vulnerability assessments. In developing countries, ICT has enabled a number of initiatives. In aggregate, using ICT to carry out environmental studies is associated with a host of economic and scientific benefits as well as having a political implication. Software that is already infected with virus 4. This network brings together national and regional partners in offering information concerning the arising and changing issues on food security. McKinsey Quarterly, 37, pp. One framework that can be applied is the Resilience Assessment Benchmarking and Impact Toolkit (RABIT) which has recently been used by Ospina & Heeks (2016) to gauge the effect on resilience of ICTs in two developing countries, Uganda and Costa Rica. environmental degradation will continue to undermine prospects of fighting poverty, economic growth, and sustainable development. Technology is a very dynamic concept, and one thing that might work perfectly today may be rendered obsolete in few years (Chiabai et al., 2013). Some of the key characteristics or ‘markers’ of resilience are shown in table 1 below: Table 1: Markers of resilience according to the RABIT framework, Adapted from: Ospina & Heeks (2016, p.20). This index is designed to be used with economic and social vulnerability indices to provide insights into the processes that can negatively influence the sustainable development of countries. Managing, monitoring and mapping waterways, forests and lands are some of the important actions that improve the sustainability of the environment and efficiency of practices in such countries (Longley, 2005). 187-203). This has happened in a space of less than ten years, all with the aim of achieving better efficiency. Communities should be aware of hazards andpotential negative impac… As a result of this, the following section analyses whether and how ICT can assist in delivering the environmental sustainability goal in developing countries. Users can generate the content on where they see environmental degradation activities. Missing data encryption 5. Talent . There exists no consensus on the definition of ‘developing country’ from the United Nations or the World Bank, and this study has adopted the definition of developing country that has been offered by Library of Congress, which is a country whereby: “the majority of population makes far less income, and has significantly weaker social indicatorsand often lacks basic public services-than the population in highly-industrialized countries” (LOC, 2016, p. 1).This paper is based on literature review and it investigates how ICT can be harnessed in implementing environmental sustainability practices in developing countries. IEEE. This can emerge to be a productive approach forward in looking to strengthen the link between ICTs and the resilience in developing countries. The results of the EVI are used to focus on planned solutions to negative … Tanzania has been shown to be requiring a number of approaches so as to address these challenges that have been posed by such an environmental crisis. Affirming a capacity of ICTs in enhancing the environmental sustainability in developing countries, ICTs have been contended to be having the capability of playing a significant role in developmental and economic sectors (Kapurubandara & Lawson, 2006). Some ICTs tools used include Early Warning Systems which were used in simulating patterns of weather and predicting disasters (World Bank, 2012). Job Context & Duties. For instance, initiatives include using geographical information system in Lake Victoria of East Africa, to offer support to the management of natural resources (Scheren et al., 2000). The TT:clear platform targets developing countries to consider the opportunities regarding technology transfer by assisting such countries gain an awareness of the available technologies. Similarly, radio communication which was popular in Tanzania where landline infrastructure was non-existent has increasingly been replaced by mobile telephony (Balijepalli et al., 2010). Developing countries, especially in Africa, are highly dependent on agriculture even though the modes of farming are largely inefficient. International community has asserted this point by encompassing environmental sustainability to be part of MDGs (Millennium Development Goals). They concentrate on improving practices through the development of guidelines for action, the use of protection, or by limiting exploitation, degradation and pollution. The index was developed through consultation and collaboration with countries, institutions and experts across the globe. The results of the vulnerability scans help inform management and computing device administrators of known and potential vulnerabilities on so those vulnerabilities can … Information Technology These smart grids have been shown by Boccaletti et al. Vulnerability in Nigeria: A national-level assessment. ICT plays significant role in environmental studies as it offers an unprecedented capability to collecting and processing environmental data; environmental observation through tools such as remote sensing, telemetric systems among others; mitigating climate change through activities such as developing ‘smart grid’ in China and India; easing environmental pressure through environmental modelling software as well as grid computing; adaptation to climate change through tools such as Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET); technology transfer as a result of the Bali Action Plan; planning and environmental strategy through tools such as the Environmental Impact Assessment, and building resilience through rapidity, equality, diversity and flexibility, scale, self-organization, robustness, learning and redundancy. In that manner, improving resource management practices, raising awareness, getting to sustainable development as well as enhancing the environmental performance makes up the key issues which require worldwide attention. The fast pace of the uptake and penetration of mobile telephony in Tanzania has supported many breakthrough ideas in environmental sustainability, as was observed by Fox (2004). The most common computer vulnerabilities include: 1. A second challenge in Tanzania is in the pace of change of ICTs. (2010). Use of broken algorithms 10. Even countries with a good current state of their environment can be highly vulnerable to future damage. Fig. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. One framework that can be applied is the Resilience Assessment Benchmarking and Impact Toolkit (RABIT) which has recently been applied successfully in two developing countries. For instance, environmental modelling software as well as grid computing has been of assistance in the awareness of how the ecosystems function as well as the environmental complexities. A host of important environmental aspects have been identified whereby ICT could be used and as such enhance environmental sustainability. Apart from drying up of rivers and increased river sedimentation, reduced rainfall has also impacted on the health of the citizens in the region and has undermined the possibility of sustainable development. 1. Your email address will not be published. Springer Netherlands. For example, limitations on the capacity of electricity generation and the transmission have resulted into more development of ‘smart grid’ in China and India. Bugs 2. The costs involved in replacing the obsolete ICTs could be challenging to a poor country like Tanzania, especially if incurred on a large scale. REI = Risk Exposure sub-Index There has also been a rise in social media use in Tanzania, and this has especially helped with the rapidity attribute of the RABIT framework. No plagiarism, guaranteed! ICT can be used for environmental observation in the developing countries (Houghton, 2009). Potential effects are varied and may contribute to an increase in vulnerability and the frequency and intensity of natural hazards. SmartGrid initiatives and power market in India. The challenges in meeting the growing demands have been shown to be driving the investments in these developing countries towards solutions that present more energy efficiency. Physical and environmental security; Server room/data Centre; Data Recovery site; Power system Audit; Your endpoint applications, operating systems, Servers, Interfaces, Network & Other Devices, Policy, procedures, standard practices and other regulatory requirements (both internal and external) Systems, Application and database security Such flows of information play significant roles in the transfer of technology into the developing countries. Being a medium for networking and information, it has been demonstrated that ICT has the capability of enabling citizens in the developing countries to adopt the role of environmental enforcement agents and alert the authorities to acts of environmental infringement. The FEWS NET participants in developing countries analyse and monitor the information concerning the climate so as to understand the possible threats and effects on livelihoods. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Environmental management now occurs within countries in response to individual development projects and at a global scale through international agreements. An emphasis was placed on how such an index and other measures might be used as quantitative indicators of fragility. The environment is of great concern to everyone these days. Activities to mitigate against climate change are targeted at minimizing the negative impacts of the climate change on the environment. ICT plays significant role in environmental studies as it offers an unprecedented capability to collecting and processing environmental data; environmental observation through tools such as remote sensing, telemetric systems among others; mitigating climate change through activities such as developing ‘smart grid’ in China and India; easing environmental pressure through environmental modelling software as … The approaches being used are largely concerned with pressure being applied to the environment by humans, or the state of the environment. Missing authorization 9. The ICT-enabled activities under PreventionWeb include tools for exchanging information. ICT can assist in delivering the environmental sustainability goal in developing countries but there needs to be a new multi-national collaboration level in order to enlarge the scale of the impacts of the ICT initiatives in environmental sustainability practices. 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