“I set out alone,” he later remembered, “having neither fellow-traveler in whose companionship I might find cheer, nor caravan whose party I might join, but swayed by an overmastering impulse within me and a desire long-cherished in my bosom to visit these illustrious sanctuaries.”. Using a map of Ibn Battuta's journey, create squares that follow Ibn Battuta… Muhámmad ibn Battuta empecipió'l so viaxe con mires de realizar el hajj o pelegrinación a La Meca que constitúi unu de los cinco pilastres del islam, y de visitar la tumba de Mahoma en Medina.Partió de Tánger, según la so crónica, el 2 de rayab del 725 de la Hégira, 13 de xunu de 1325, «solo, ensin compañeru con que la so amistá refalfiame nin caravana a la que xuntame». It appears that after a lifetime spent on the road, the great wanderer was finally content to stay in one place. Ibn Battuta reported that he experienced culture shock in some of the regions he visited. From there, he visited the Somali city of Mogadishu before dipping below the equator and exploring the coasts of Kenya and Tanzania. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The men in Ibn Battuta’s family were legal scholars and he was raised with a focus on education. Ibn Battuta set out for the city of Mecca and expected to be gone for a little over two years, maybe three if he took his time. He first ventured out when he was only twenty-one and journeyed the entire eastern hemisphere until he was over fifty years of age. More details Hearing of the sultan of Delhi, Muḥammad ibn Tughluq (ruled 1325–51), and his fabulous generosity to Muslim scholars, he decided to try his luck at his court. For 29 years he journeyed through much of the Dar al-Islam, or the World of Islam.On his travels he met nearly every Muslim leader who ruled at that time. Illustration by Paul Dumouza. Ibn Battuta’s most popular book is The Travels of Ibn Battutah. Battuta passed several years in the cushy job and even married and fathered children, but he eventually grew wary of the mercurial sultan, who was known to maim and kill his enemies—sometimes by tossing them to elephants with swords attached to their tusks. His great work describes the people, places, and cultures he encountered in his journeys along some 75,000 miles (120,000 km) across and beyond the Islamic world. He then embarked on a multi-year excursion across the Sahara to the Mali Empire, where he visited Timbuktu. At first his purpose was to fulfill that religious duty and to broaden his education by studying under famous scholars in Egypt, Syria, and the Hejaz (western Arabia). Omissions? Following a sojourn in Mecca, he trekked across Yemen and made a sea voyage to the Horn of Africa. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Though not particularly popular in its day, the book now stands as one of the most vivid and wide-ranging accounts of the 14th century Islamic world. Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah was trained as a qadi, a Muslim judge who ruled on matters both religious and civil. No, there is no direct bus from Ibn Battuta Mall to Al Ain Zoo. Ibn Battuta traveled to the court in Delhi. In Egypt, where he arrived by the land route via Tunis and Tripoli, an irresistible passion for travel was born in his soul, and he decided to visit as many parts of the world as possible, setting as a rule “never to travel any road a second time.” His contemporaries traveled for practical reasons (such as trade, pilgrimage, and education), but Ibn Battuta did it for its own sake, for the joy of learning about new countries and new peoples. Arriving in the city of Delhi in 1334, he won employment as a judge under Muhammad Tughluq, a powerful Islamic sultan. Battuta stayed in the Byzantine city for a month, visiting the Hagia Sophia and even receiving a brief audience with the emperor. He made a living of it, benefitting at the beginning from his scholarly status and later from his increasing fame as a traveler. In 1345, four years after first leaving India, he arrived at the bustling Chinese port of Quanzhou. 1377) var ein marokkansk reisande, rettslærd og forfattar. From Turkey, Battuta crossed the Black Sea and entered the domain of a Golden Horde Khan known as Uzbeg. This time he navigated along the eastern African coast, visiting the trading city-states as far as Kilwa (Tanzania). He joined a caravan and toured Persia and Iraq, and later ventured north to what is now Azerbaijan. The king of India often appointed foreigners as ministers and judges. Staff member, Oriental Institute, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Prague, 1953–92. That he achieved his objectives is corroborated by long enumerations of scholars and Sufi (Islamic mystic) saints whom he met and also by a list of diplomas conferred on him (mainly in Damascus). His travels might have ended there, but having completed his pilgrimage, he decided to continue wandering the Muslim world, or “Dar al-Islam.” Battuta claimed to be driven by a dream in which a large bird took him on its wing and “made a long flight towards the east…and left me there.” A holy man had interpreted the dream to mean that Battuta would roam across the earth, and the young Moroccan intended to fulfill the prophecy. Ibn Battuta, also spelled Ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah, in full AbÅ« Ê¿Abd Allāh Muḥammad ibn Ê¿Abd Allāh al-LawātÄ« al-ṬanjÄ« ibn Baá¹­á¹­Å«á¹­ah, (born February 24, 1304, Tangier, Morocco—died 1368/69 or 1377, Morocco), the greatest medieval Muslim traveler and the author of one of the most famous travel books, the Riḥlah (Travels). To this day his books are studied by students of history since very few travellers have been able … Among Turks and Mongols, he was astonished at the way women behaved. Illustration by Leon Benett from book by Jules Verne, 1878. Nevertheless, he always felt happier in the realm of Islam than in non-Muslim lands, whether Christian, Hindu, or pagan. Ibn Battuta was born in the 14th century in what is modern-day Morocco. Along the way, 82 Hindu bandits attacked his group of 22. Born in Tangier, Morocco, Ibn Battuta came of age in a family of Islamic judges. In 1325, at age 21, he left his homeland for the Middle East. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Though modern scholars often question the veracity of Battuta's writings—he may never have visited China, for example, and many of his accounts of foreign lands appear to have been plagiarized from other authors' works—the Rihla is a fascinating look into the world of a 14th-century vagabond. The trip to the Orient would prove to be the most harrowing chapter of Battuta’s odyssey. At many points in his travels, he was showered with gifts of fine clothes, horses and even concubines and slaves. A Muslim Odyssey: The Travels of Ibn Battuta. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Main office: +971 4 390 9999 Fax: +971 4 368 5140 All Rights Reserved. Updates? Ibn Battuta was received cordially and generously by all the local rulers and heads of religious brotherhoods (ākhÄ«s). Embarking on a boat in Jiddah, he sailed with a retinue of followers down both shores of the Red Sea to Yemen, crossed it by land, and set sail again from Aden. He enjoyed the generosity and benevolence of numerous sultans, rulers, governors, and high dignitaries in the countries he visited, thus securing an income that enabled him to continue his wanderings. Battuta had never kept journals during his adventures, but when he returned to Morocco for good in 1354, the country’s sultan ordered him to compile a travelogue. Ibn Battuta, a Muslim traveler, was born Feb. 25, 1304, in Tangier, Morocco. He remained in the idyllic islands for the next year, gorging on coconuts, taking several wives and once again serving as an Islamic judge. China marked the beginning of the end of Battuta’s travels. He was born in Tangiers, North Africa and spent thirty years travelling, covering all the Muslim countries and visiting Mecca, Jerusalem, Persia (Iran), Hormuz and Astrakhanm, Mesopotamia, Asia Minor, Bokhara, India, China, Sumatra, southern Spain and Timbuktu. 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