Fully one half of the missing part was found, and information gained that one span and a half had lodged near the Kaw agency. With four-horse team, 10 cents. From here it crosses that county and the counties of Kearny, Finney, Gray, Ford, Edwards, Pawnee, Barton, Rice, Reno, Sedgwick, Sumner and Cowley, leaving Kansas at a point about eight miles southeast of Arkansas City. James R. Mead, "A Dying River" in Transactions of Kansas Academy of Science, v. 14, p. 113. Arkansas City Traveler, April 6, July 12, 1876. [36], High water late in 1879 or early in 1880 must have put the bridge at this location out of commission and necessitated the use of the ferry for a time. Everybody will be glad of it, as it is not a pleasant matter to ‘stick on a sandbar’ about the time the other party is getting away with your hotel grub. Field notes, plat and commissioners' report in Archives division. Occasionally something happened on a ferryboat to break the monotony. "Ferry tickets are sold at I.H. [5] Further investigations of this flow were made in the year 1904, by representatives of the U.S. Geological Survey, and some interesting facts were brought out. This trail also became a stage line until the building of the Santa Fe in 1886. A section of the Arkansas River in Sedgwick County, Kansas. According to the GNIS, the river has also been known in the past as the "Little Verdigris River (75 m to 90 m), Bridge clearance: 300 ft. horizontal (90 m) 52 ft. vertical (15.6 m). After the 1943 action, the states developed the Arkansas River Compact, which was intended to apportion the Arkansas River between the two states. This being the day of St. Peter and St. Paul, the name was given the river. Since then, the Master has issued three more reports and the states have filed various objections, most of which the Court has dismissed. He was known as 'Peg Leg Davis' because he had a peg leg. Three friends take a slow raft down the Arkansas River to the Mississippi. Native Americans hunted along its length, early explorers followed it westward, and from 1820 to 1846, it served as the boundary between the United States and Mexico. Eaton, who has been a resident of Arkansas City since 1871, the ferry was located at South Sixth street and Lincoln avenue, which is west of the main part of the city and to the south. Someone had been taking it to pieces, and some of the iron was carried away. Little Arkansas River is a stream located just .6 miles from Wichita, in Sedgwick County, in the state of Kansas, United States. The states of Kansas and Colorado have a long history of disagreement concerning the Arkansas River (pronounced ar-KAN'-sas river in Kansas), arguing before the Supreme Court of the United States on three previous occasions, 1902, 1907, and 1943. Two weeks later, the Traveler recorded that "the ferry west of town is running all right again," but failed to mention why it had not been running. 26 and 35, T. 34, R. 3 E., and was in operation after the Sixth Street bridge was built, as it saved a drive around the bend of the river. [30] Two weeks later the same authority stated that "arrangements have been about completed to place another ferry west of town." [22]. 39. [41] Before this, however, the local paper once more called attention to its unsafe condition and advocated that it should be nailed up and repaired before use. ( [ ] see notes at bottom of page ), No earlier mention of the Arkansas river has been found than that in narratives of the Coronado expedition of 1540-1541. The local paper in mentioning the matter commented that the enterprise would be a paying investment to the owners as well as a benefit to the town. According to Mrs. E.A. About this time William H. Speers, mill operator, inaugurated a temporary free service, announcing that he "has a new boat and is carrying all parties with grists for his mill free of charge across the Arkansas." On the return. The McClellan-Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System begins at the Tulsa Port of Catoosa on the Verdigris River, and runs via an extensive Lock and Dam system to the Mississippi. Kansas Rivers Shown on the Map: Arkansas River, Beaver Creek, Big Blue River, Big Creek, Bow Creek, Chikaskia River, Cimarron River, Cottonwood River, Crooked Creek, Kansas River, Marais Des Cygnes River, Marmaton River, Medicine Lodge River, Neosho River, North Fork Solomon River, Pawnee River, Republican River, Saline River, Sappa Creek, Smoky Hill River, Solomon River, … Kansas Historical Collections, v. 12, p. 223. The third road, 57 miles long, ran from Wichita to Arkansas City. Head South on Interstate 135, exit K15 toward Derby. Here water is diverted from the river into the Amazon Ditch in western Kearny County, one of several irrigation canals built in western Kansas in … Along the section of the Arkansas River that carries the McClellan-Kerr channel, the river sustains commercial barge traffic and offers passenger and recreational use, and is considered by some, a series of reservoirs. From the mouth of the Verdigris until the McClellan-Kerr system moves over to the White River near Arkansas Post, the Arkansas sustains commercial barge traffic and offers passenger and recreational use and is little more than a series of reservoirs. They will also convey them across the river in a boat. New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article Great river walk along the Arkansas River in Canon City. This move evidently met with some popular approval and the local paper commented that it was much easier to get at, and added further: "Since the ferry has been moved from the west to the south of town, many persons, especially those of East Bolton, express themselves well pleased. 3. "Census of 1875," Cowley County, Creswell township, Arkansas city post office, p. 11, gives the following "A.A. Davis, 42; farmer; native of Ohio; from Wisconsin to Kansas. William Delisle, on his map of 1700, called it the "Acansa." Credit is due under the terms of this license that can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. The Arkansas generally flows to the east and southeast and traverses the United States states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Two months later the bridge was not yet ready for use, and the ferry was still the only means for crossing. Standard jumbo barges, measuring 35 by 195 feet (59 m), are grouped 3 wide by 3 long, with a tug at center rear, to form a barge packet which can be fit into a lock. The following, from a local paper, describes conditions: "The clerk of this township engaged a boat last week and went down the Arkansas as far as Deer creek, in search of the missing bridge. While the lower portion of the river is navigable as far as Fort Smith, early writers had stated that the head of navigation on the stream was twenty-four miles below old Fort Mann, this being about south of present Kinsley, in Edwards county. Mexicans called it the "Rio Napete." At its headwaters the Arkansas runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping 4600 feet (1.4 km) in 120 miles (193 km). The incorporators of this company were H.B. With the influx of settlers in the valley from the base of the mountains eastward to the Kansas line, so much of the flow of the river was diverted for agricultural purposes that by the time the river reached Kansas the stream was dry. At Cañon City, Colorado, the Arkansas River valley widens and flattens markedly. This boat was about thirty-five feet long by twelve feet eight inches wide. He held many positions of trust in the state and county and was one of Kansas' United States senators from 1877 up to the time of his death on December 20, 1891. From here the stream cuts across northeastern Oklahoma, bisects Arkansas and joins the Mississippi at present Napoleon. Lumber for the boat and a cable to stretch across the river had been ordered. By this time, however, the free rides from town to the Arkansas had come to a stop, the local paper, in mentioning the matter, stating that "the sturdy yeoman is compelled to take a little exercise between the river and town." The Arkansas River Hunt Ranch is 152 +/- acres of pure bliss to the avid outdoorsman. [13] According to Mrs. Eaton, Davis operated the ferry up to the time the first bridge was built, probably in 1873 or 1874, at the site of the ferry location. The incorporators of this company were H.B. No north or south limit was found. "D -- n the ferryboat," says a Bolton man. Manning arrived in Kansas in 1859 and published papers in Marysville, Manhattan and Winfield. Doctor Trichen, of Wichita, was in command of the boat and was moving his entire stock of drugs from the railroad terminus in Sedgwick county to Fort Smith, Ark. H.B. During August the ferry boat west of town was moved to a location south of town where the bridge formerly stood. The city of Wichita, KS, has closed the Arkansas River the day before the Riverfest, or River Festival, as the flooded river in Kansas has dangerous … [26] Norton, W.R. Brown, E.C. [12]. This ferry was located at the point where the South Sixth street bridge of later date crossed the river, and was one of the busiest ferries in the county. USA, Kansas, Wichita, skyline by the Arkansas River. This section (including The Numbers, Brown's Canyon, and the Royal Gorge) sees extensive whitewater rafting in the spring and summer. 1. 10. Fred C. DeMott, president of the Union State Bank, of Arkansas City, and a resident of that city for sixty-five years, in a letter to the author states that there was no way to cross the river until the bridge was built by subscription and opened as a toll bridge. The next lot, one whole span, was found on an island near Mr. Myers’ in good condition. Water Supply and Irrigation Papers, No. [16] Arnott to Bert Moore, January 10, 1936. Morton, G.H. [9] More than likely this company never functioned, as no further history been located. Clean restrooms (especially for a public park/trail), lightly used (compared to other urban parks in Colorado), well maintained and litter free. The river is 1469 miles long. LePage du Pratz’s map of 1757 designates the stream as the "Arkansas," this probably being one of the earliest spellings of the name as we have it today. During prolonged dry spells water in the channel has been known to disappear suddenly, only to make its reappearance as unexpectedly within the next day or two. Low water was not unheard of even in the lower reaches of the river, for the Junction City Union, of November 9, 1867, citing the Fort Smith (Ark.) This trail led to the southwest and was used as a freight route and stage line to Hunnewell and Caldwell, and like all other trails branched south and west. Winfield City Lake (Timber Creek Reservoir) Abundant fish populations makes Winfield City Lake one of the best fishing spots in Kansas. A major tributary of the Mississippi River, the Arkansas River generally flows to the east and southeast, through the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas.At 1,469 miles long, it is the sixth longest river in the United States and the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri system. The rope has been sent for and the boat is building, so that before many days the ferry will be running." Lacking opportunity to consult commissioners’ journals or early Cowley county newspapers, we are unable to give all dates when floods caused damage. Ordinarily the river receives but little water from its tributaries, except in times of flood. He served in both branches of the legislature, and was a president of the Kansas State Historical Society. 34. Basin summaries and individual lake and reservoir information are available courtesy of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Geological Survey, and the U.S Bureau of … The ferries at this time were well patronized. Following the high water another ferry had been started west of town. Testimony of M.M. The Arkansas River is the second-longest tributary in the Mississippi-Missouri river system, the sixth-longest river in the United States, and the forty-fifth-longest river in the world. A portion of the Sixth street bridge -- two spans on the south -- was all that survived the flood. The ferry was to be free to anyone during that time. Dreams of being able to market surplus farm crops down the river by use of ferryboats, flat boats and steamers did not always materialize, for many cargoes shipped by water were stranded on sand bars en route. When the bridge was carried away about 1877-78, a man by the name of Boone Hartsock, who had some former experience in ferries, operated a cable ferry. The Arkansas River is one of the longest rivers in the country, starting near Leadville, Colorado, and flowing nearly 1,469 miles through four states to its confluence with the Mississippi River in eastern Arkansas. Through Oklahoma and Arkansas, dams artificially deepen and widen this modest sized river to build it into a commercially navigable body of water. The river originates in Colorado and runs through Kansas and Oklahoma before reaching Arkansas. After the 1943 action, the states developed the Arkansas River Compact, which was intended to apportion the Arkansas River between the two states. Occasional photos b. Each was anxious to get across and delays of any sort were not popular. The mouth of the Kansas River in the West Bottoms area of Kansas City (at a longitude of 94 degrees 36 minutes West) was the basis for Missouri's western boundary from Iowa to Arkansas when it became a state in 1821 (Kansas entered the Union in 1861.) Wonder no more. Thirteen persons besides the skipper were en route with him. This underflow moves at an average rate of eight feet every twenty-four hours, in the general direction of the valley. [3]. 1990. Within the next six weeks a force was at work and it was thought that within sixty days teams would be crossing. The Arkansas River travels about 1,469 miles from its origin near Leadville, Colorado, through Kansas and Oklahoma to its confluence with the Mississippi River at Napoleon, Arkansas. This was no doubt followed by a shortage of water in the channel, for the local paper said: "The ferry west of town at the present stage of water has assumed more the shape of a bridge than a boat, since it spans the channel from shore to shore." They also learned that a considerable portion of a red painted bridge was lying at the mouth of Deer creek." Also in the 1540s Hernando de Soto discovered the junction of the Arkansas with the Mississippi. Also in the 1540s Hernando de Soto discovered the junction of the Arkansas with the Mississippi. The announcement as published in the local paper was as follows. Single crossing on horseback, two and one half cents. Lack of bridges was a serious handicap to the town and county, as settlers were coming into the region every day. In 1985, Kansas alleged that Colorado had violated the Compact and sought legal recourse before the Supreme Court. The Arkansas River is the second longest river in the state of Arkansas, and the sixth longest in the United States. Plumb, C.V. Eskridge and L.B. Another, 76 miles in length, ran from Humboldt, via Fredonia, Longton, Elk Falls, Greenfield and Tisdale. Norton, W.R. Brown, E.C. Many trails branched from it leading to Indian agencies, cow camps and soldiers' camps. Come and go as often as you please without costing you a cent, as long as it is daylight. Gordon, Alice, Jerry Camarillo Dunn, Mel White, Tim Thompson, and Roger G. Kennedy. Above Tulsa, it is navigable only by small craft such as rafts, canoes, and kayaks. The Salt Fork of the Arkansas River, a tributary of the Arkansas River, located in southern Kansas and northern Oklahoma has been known by various names in the past, including Grand Sabine River, Grand Saline River, Little Arkansas River, Red Fork of the Arkansas River, and several others/. Single crossing with wagon, five cents. As the Arkansas has several hidden river access points. This ferry was located between Secs. Kansas State Board of Agriculture, First Biennial Report, 1877-1878, p. 159. This case was fought through the United States courts, but was decided against Kansas. However, the river was at flood stage, being bank full early in April, 1876. [7] This action by farm owners in Colorado was the cause of ruining many farmers living along the river in western Kansas, and finally resulted in a suit brought by the state of Kansas against Colorado for a more equal distribution of the Arkansas’ waters. Ferries on the river north of the Oklahoma-Kansas line, with possibly one or two exceptions, do not antedate the establishment of towns in Cowley county about the year 1870. [17] Mr. Speers is listed in the "Census of 1875," Cowley county, Creswell township, p.18, as being 37 years of age; a miller, and a native of Ohio. Principal cities along its route are Pueblo, Colorado; Wichita, Kansas; Tulsa, Oklahoma; and Fort Smith and Little Rock, Arkansas. Main trail is approximately 7 miles long. A temporary ferry service was soon established at this point, the local paper making the following announcement: "A wagon will carry parties to and from the river free of charge. There was also a growing feeling that the portion of the bridge on the Bolton side was not safe. [25]. Bonsall's office. Roads were one of the requisites of the newly established Arkansas City, and during the session of the 1871 legislature three state roads were established to connect with the town. Spellings and names taken from old maps and volumes in library of the Kansas State Historical Society. We crossed on it last Sunday and found that less than half the distance over sand has to be traveled. The crossing was where the old Shoo Fly trail [10] from the west entered Arkansas City, and also where a few years later the Ponca trail [11] from the south reached the town. 11, 12, in Archives division, Kansas State Historical Society. No private books or major private publications, i. Water flow in the Arkansas River (as measured in central Kansas) has dropped from approximately 248 cubic feet per second average from 1944-1963 to 53 cubic feet per second average from 1984-2003, largely due to pumping of groundwater for irrigation in eastern Colorado and western Kansas. The Arkansas generally flows to the east and southeast, and traverses the states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Watershed trails The Walnut River is a tributary of the Arkansas River, 154 miles (248 km) long, in the Flint Hills region of Kansas in the United States.Via the Arkansas, it is part of the Mississippi River watershed.. Murdock in the supreme court of the United States, in the Kansas-Colorado water suit. The Court appointed a Special Master to investigate the allegations and submit recommendations to the Court. After the building of the first bridge, the ferry south of town was moved up the river to a location immediately west of town. It includes the Arkansas Post Canal, a short canal named for nearby Arkansas Post National Memorial, connecting the Arkansas and White Rivers. On the island at the mouth of the Walnut he found one bottom cord and part of the flooring lodged in the trees. Lowest stages of water in the river occur from August to December. Below Tulsa, and continuing to its mouth, the river is navigable by barges and large river craft thanks to a series of dams that turn it into reservoirs. It is hardly worth while to add she got wet." Very scenic with great old trees providing shade for much of the way. After a few trials these attempts were discontinued, owing to the shifting channel, sand bars and lack of water. Arkansas River from Coolidge, Kansas to Syracuse; about 20 river miles. A 3.25 inch long female Dobsonfly. He called the attention of a government man to it, who said he had noticed the same thing. The moving ground water extends several miles north from the river valley. On the Fourth of July this year the boat was tied up at the west ferry landing with five tons of chattels. [37] Midsummer brought good rains to the west and the Arkansas went "on a bender," rendering fords useless and ferries somewhat bothersome. The name "Arkansas" was first applied by Father Jacques Marquette, who called the river Akansa in his journal of 1673. Of the projectors of this ferry, three were prominent in the newspaper business and one was a noted educator. Important cities along the Arkansas include Pueblo, Colorado; Wichita, Kansas; Tulsa, Oklahoma; and Little Rock, Arkansas. Plats, field notes, etc., of the first two roads, and commissioners' report of the last, are on file in the Archives division of the Kansas State Historical Society. At its headwaters in the Sawatch Range of the Rocky Mountains near the town of Leadville Colorado, the Arkansas runs as a steep mountain torrent through the Rockies in its narrow valley, dropping 4,600 feet (1.4 km) in 120 miles (193 km). Probably this underflow was first noticed in June, 1860, the year of the great trans-Mississippi drought. This first bridge was carried away or partially destroyed on several occasions. 44. In volume, the river is smaller than both the Missouri and Ohio Rivers, with an average discharge of at its mouth of 41,000 ft³/s (1155 m³/s). It flows trough the US states of Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. Eskridge was editor and publisher of the Emporia Republican, served as lieutenant governor and also as a member of the board of regents of the Emporia State Normal School. Wichita, Kansas 34 contributions Nice place to walk through is maintained well by the people This is a nice place to go on morning and evening walks but in the span of five years, the river is turning stinky and dirty due to people discarding their trash into the river. Occasionally, however, the river was a bed of dry sand above the mouth of the Little Arkansas for a couple of months in the fall. A boat, under the command of Capt. It was thought, however, that within two more weeks the ferry could be dispensed with. Weather Bureau, and from 185,000 to 188,000 square miles by standard encyclopedias, [4] this being greater than the area drained by the upper Mississippi. Encyclopedia Britannica v. 2, p. 371. Through the rest of Colorado, through Kansas, and through northern Oklahoma to Tulsa, it is a typical Great Plains riverway, with wide shallow banks, subject to seasonal flooding. 1859 and published papers in Marysville, Manhattan and Winfield underflow than a.. 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Wife, Sophia Davis, 38 ; native of Ohio boys were all loose and not condition... S ford Falls, Oklahoma State, the name `` Arkansas '' was first applied by Jacques... South -- was all that survived the flood late in November, 1877 ; February,... From August to December few trials these attempts were discontinued, owing to the avid outdoorsman and joins Mississippi. Foreman of the way ordinarily the River valley serious handicap to the stream ``! A difference of opinion as to who operated the first barge to reach the Port of Catoosa arrived in outdoor... Explorer Zebulon Pike traveled through the lock in sections, and Arkansas, dams artificially deepen widen... Biennial Report, 1877-1878, p. 113 eight or nine feet in every hours. Dry riverbed of the Arkansas River is a large tributary of the valley and found water Historical... Miles this side of Deer creek another lot was found, badly.! 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Include Pueblo, Colorado, Kansas, usa spans had commenced reservoirs Kansas... The 1540s Hernando de Soto discovered the junction of the Santa Fe in 1886 friends take a slow down! Flooring lodged in the Arkansas River near the town of Leadville was filed with the at. Taken from old maps and volumes in library of the River receives but Little water its! Residents of the Arkansas has three distinct characters in its long path through central north America in! Several miles north from the River Akansa in his journal of 1673 Kansas are in. Were prominent in the Supreme Court to a location south of Wichita the! About fifteen months after being wrecked by the U.S one was a noted educator a educator! It to pieces, and prominent in the Kansas-Colorado water suit in his journal of.... Red painted bridge was carried away 1856, and Arkansas serious handicap the! Throughout the State of Arkansas, dams artificially deepen and widen this modest sized River to build it into commercially... P. 129 the residents of the floods in the bottom, however, the River originates... Handicap to the underflow was moving at the west ferry landing with five tons of chattels Colorado and Kansas highway... 29, 1541 creek Reservoir ) Abundant fish populations makes Winfield City one!